Alphabet Centers

Students will be participating in four alphabet centers each week.  These alphabet centers will be on the third day of instruction, and students will be in four groups with 10 minute rotations.  Every week for centers there will be three letter specific activities relating to the letter of the week, and one center dealing with the whole alphabet.  There is a variety of center activities listed below with materials and instructions for implementation.  All of these centers have been rotated throughout this unit in order to mix up the type of activities students will be doing.  They share standards from the Common Core English Standards, as well as common objectives/skills.

Subject: Reading & Language

Grade Level: Kindergarten

Time Frame: 10 Minute Centers

Standards: 

Reading: Foundational Skills

Print Concepts- Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.

  • Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet

Phonics and Word Recognition- Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.

  • Demonstrate basic knowledge of letter-sound correspondences by producing the primary or most frequent sound for each consonant
  • Associate the long and short sounds with the common spellings (graphemes) for the five major vowels

Language:

Conventions of Standard English- Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.

  • Print many upper- and lowercase letters
  • Write a letter or letters for most for most consonant and short-vowel sounds (phonemes)

Topic: Alphabet letter and sound recognition

Objectives:

  • Students will be able to recognize all letters in the alphabet.
  • Students will be able to produce the sound associated with each letter in the alphabet.
  • Students will be able to write the upper- and lower-case form for each letter in the alphabet.

Anticipatory Set: Before the beginning of the centers, students will watch the letter video pertaining to that week.  For example, if centers are based on the letter A, students will watch the letter A song from Have Fun Teaching ( http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hBAuIzZttP4) The video list below is a list of free videos on youtube, teachers can also buy the Heidi Songs series from her website (

Video List: 

Centers:: Centers with a * require teacher observation for assessment 

Letter Posters(Done every week!):

Materials: scissors, glue, magazines, newspapers, markers, construction paper(light colored)

Procedure: Students will be creating letter posters for each letter of the alphabet, containing pictures with the beginning letter sound as well as upper- and lower-case letters.  They will write the upper- and lower-case letter for each poster in the middle of the page.  They can then search through newspapers and magazines to find pictures with the beginning sound of that letter, or upper- and lower-case letters from text.  Students will glue pictures and letters on poster, all posters will be turned into an alphabet book at the end of the unit.

Assessment: Students will be assessed by the completion of their letter posters, which they will hand in every week.  Assessment will be based on correct formation of the letters, as well as accurate pictures.

photo-5 copy

Search the room:

Materials: pencil, clipboards, crayons, search the room sheet

search the room sheet

Procedure: Students will search the room for places/objects with the beginning sound of the assigned letter.  For each place or object they find the letter, they will draw a picture and write what it is.

Assessment: Students will be assessed by the completion of their search the room sheet.  The sheet will consist of six spaces, and students must complete at least three with both words and pictures.  Spaces should have words beginning with the correct letter assigned and neat pictures.

*Highlight a letter/Writing practice:

Materials: dry erase markers and erasers, page protectors, practice sheets

Text practice sheets (side one)

Writing practice (side two)

Procedure: Students will practice finding letters in a piece of text, as well as forming both upper- and lower-case letters for an assigned letter.  Practice sheets will be placed in page protectors, and students will use dry erase markers to highlight a letter in the text and practice forming letters.

Assessment: Students will be assed through observation by a teacher for the completion of their practice sheet at this center.

*Playdough Letters:

Materials: playdough, letter mats, rolling pins

playdough mat example- Bb

Procedure: Students will use playdough to form upper- and lower-case letters for the assigned letter, using the letter mats as a guide.

Assessment: Students will be assessed on correct playdough letter formation by teacher observation.

Which Letter Will Win Game:

Materials: letter dice, pencil, which letter will win worksheet

which letter will win

Procedure: Students will play the “Which letter will win” game to practice writing upper- and lower-case letters for an assigned letter.  They will have a recording sheet with two columns, one for upper-case and one for lower-case.  Students will roll the letter dice and write which form of the letter comes up in the correct column, until they reach the end of the paper.  The form of the letter with the most in the given column wins.  If finished before the time is up for the center, students will practice forming both letters on the back of the paper.

Assessment: Students will be assessed by the completion of their game worksheet, and the correct formation of both upper- and lower-case letters.

*Letter Puzzles: 

Materials: letter puzzles, envelopes, letter outline

L puzzle

Procedure: Students will practice identifying upper- and lower-case letters as well as beginning sounds by putting together letter puzzles.  The letter puzzles will have pieces made up of upper- and lower-case letters, as well as pictures of object with the same beginning sound for that letter.  Students will be given a letter outline for a guide to assemble the puzzle.  In the envelopes with the puzzle pieces, there will be “trick” pieces of other letters and pictures to test students.

Assessment: Students will be assessed at this center by teacher observation of their completed puzzle.

Letter Maze:

Materials: highlighters, maze sheet, crayons

Letter Maze (side one)

Color by Letter (side two)

Procedure: Students will practice identifying upper- and lower-case letters by connecting them through a letter specific maze.  They will have to find the next upper- or lower-case letter in order to complete the maze, depending on which letter is assigned.  On the back there will be a “color by letter” for the students to do if they have finished early.  For the color by letter, upper-case and lower-case letters will be a different color.

Assessment: Students will be assessed by turning in their completed letter maze, as well as their color by letter if they have completed it.

*Rice Pan Search:

Materials: bingo markers, pan filled with rice and ABC letters, ABC chart, cookie sheet

Procedure: Students will practice identifying letters of the alphabet by searching for them in a rice filled pan.  When students find a letter, they will locate it on their ABC chart and stamp it with a bingo marker.  Once students pull out a letter they will put it on the cookie sheet, until they have gathered all of the letters.

Assessment: Students will be assessed by teacher observation, as well as their completed ABC chart.

*ABC Eggs:

Materials: plastic easter eggs labeled with alphabet(upper- and lower-case), empty egg cartons

Procedure: Students will practice identifying upper- and lower-case letters by matching plastic easter eggs.  Each easter egg will be labeled with an upper-case letter on top and lower-case letter on bottom.  Once students have found a match, they will put the egg in the empty egg carton.

Assessment: Students will be assessed by teacher observation in completing the egg match activity.

photo

Starfall:

Materials: computer, www.starfall.com, Starfall printable worksheets, pencil

Starfall Worksheets 

Procedure: Students will practice identifying letter sounds and identifying upper- and lower-case letters by activities on the Starfall website.  Students can pick any letter of the alphabet, and go through the Starfall activity. After they have completed the activity on the computer, they will do the Starfall printable worksheet for that letter.  The Starfall worksheets will be in a bin near the computers for students to use, organized by letter.

Assessment: Students will be assessed by their completed Starfall worksheet for the letter of their choice.

*Ice Cream ABC:

Materials: ice-cream ABC cards, cookie sheet

Procedure: Students will practice identifying upper- and lower-case letters as well as beginning sounds by matching ice cream cones.  Each ice cream cone will have the upper- and lower-case letter, as well as a picture with the same letter sound beginning.  The ice-cream cones will have magnets on the back, and when a student finds a match they will place it on the cookie sheet.

Assessment: Students will be assessed by teacher observation of their completed ice-cream cone ABC cards.

photo

*Letter Bingo:

Materials: bingo dabber, ABC bingo sheet, bin of letters, cookie sheet

Procedure: Students will practice identifying letters of the alphabet by playing letter bingo.  Each student in the center group will take turns calling out a letter from the letter bin, and students will dab it on their sheet if they have it.  Once a letter has been pulled out of the bin it can be placed on the cookie sheet for reference.

Assessment: Students will be assessed at this center by teacher observation.

*Sand/Gel Writing:

Materials: sand bin, hair gel baggies, letter bin

Procedure: Students will practice forming upper- and lower-case letters by writing them in sand or in hair gel baggies.  Students will pull a letter card out of a bin, and write the upper- and lower-case form of that letter.  Students at this center will take turns writing in sand and writing in hair gel baggies.

Assessment: Students will be assessed at this center by teacher observation.

*I Have Who Has Game:

Materials: I have who has game cards

I Have Who Has Game 

Procedure: Students will practice identifying letters as well as their sounds as they play a game.  Each card will have two letters, the student will say which letter they have and ask who has the letter on the bottom of their card.  This game can be played by either saying the letter name or the sound of the letter.

Assessment: Students will be assessed at this center by teacher observation.

*Chicka Chicka Boom Boom:

Materials: Chicka Chicka Boom Boom book copies, Chicka Chicka Boom Boom on tape, cookie sheet with palm tree, magnetic letters

Procedure: Students will practice identifying letters by sequencing the alphabet book Chicka Chicka Boom Boom.  The students will listen to the book on tape twice, following along the first time and sequencing letters on the cookie sheet the second time.

Assessment: Students will be assessed at this center by teacher observation.

photo

*Beginning Sound Match

Materials: sound match cards

Beginning sound Cards

Procedure: Students will practice matching letter sounds in this activity.  They will have letter tiles and cards with pictures that have coordinating letter sounds.  For example a picture of a hippo would be for the letter h sound.  Students will have to place the letter tile in the spot next to the picture.

Assessment: Students will be assessed at this center by teacher observation.

*Spoon Match:

Materials: ABC spoons (clear set and white set)

Procedure: Students will practice identifying upper- and lower-case letters by matching labeled spoons.  For each letter of the alphabet there will be two spoons, a white one with the upper-case and a clear one with the lower-case letter.  Students will match up the letters by placing the clear spoon on top of the correct white spoon.

Assessment: Students will be assessed at this center by teacher observation.

*Clothespin ABC Match:

Materials: ABC labeled clothespins, ABC wheel

ABC Wheels

Procedure: Students will practice identifying both upper- and lower-case letters as well as beginning sounds by matching clothespins to the wheel.  On one side of the wheel there will be lower-case letters, and students have to match the upper-case letters on the clothespins.  On the other side of the wheel there will be pictures, and students have to find the picture that matches the sound for each letter.

Assessment: Students will be assessed at this center by teacher observation.

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